What is the origin of the judge's classic hairstyle?

- Sep 15, 2019-

This is not a hairstyle, it is a wig.


Wigs are one of the courtrooms of barristers and judges. They originated in the 18th century ponytail wigs and robes and have always been a symbol of the British judicial system. Only the court system in the UK and a few Commonwealth countries maintains this habit.


The use of wigs began in the early 18th century, when wearing wigs was a fashionable attire in European society. Only high-ranking characters such as dignitaries, princes and judges and lawyers were able to wear wigs, and gradually formed an atmosphere.


The style of the wig used by the court is now designed in 1822. There are two main styles of court wigs, one is a long wig with long shoulders, which is worn in grand events and ceremonial occasions; the other is a short wig that only covers the top of the head, which is worn in court.


The wigs used by judges and barristers in the early days were long and shoulder-to-shoulder. In 1780, civil cases were changed to small wigs. The wig tie-wig used today is in 1822 and is made of ponytail hair. These types of court vests are expensive, and the wigs used by judges are worth about £1,500 each, about 300 pounds more than the usual ones, and the long wig bench wig used at the ceremony is 4,000 pounds. In order to assist judges in the purchase of expensive traditional costumes, the authorities have to give the High Court judges a subsidy of about 30,000 pounds, and the circuit judges receive a subsidy of 20,000 pounds. Wigs are expensive because the work of each wig is very fine and cannot be mass-produced through machines or production lines. It must be woven and rolled by the craftsman, which takes 44 hours to complete.


Many judges and lawyers have only one wig and never change because they believe that the older the wig, the higher the qualifications in the legal profession. After the law school student is qualified as a lawyer, the best gift the family or friend gives him is a wig made by a famous artist. Many of the craftsmen of wig-making craftsmen have been handed down from generation to generation, and many wigs and craftsmen have signed the signatures of buyers for each wig sold. In these records, many celebrity autographs can be found because of many well-known politics. The family is from a lawyer.

There are several different ways to wear a wig. Some people think that judges and lawyers wear the specified styles and are obviously fake wigs, giving people the feeling of "dehumanization", symbolizing legal impartiality, and wearing judges on wigs means removing selfish distractions and becoming the rule of law. Incarnation, impartial and unselfish handling of cases, in line with the precision required by the judiciary and the emphasis on stability and balance. Some people think that this means that the judiciary is a formal and solemn act, and it is very ceremonial. It is not a casual act of street and gimmicks. Judges and lawyers wear gray-white wigs, which makes people feel highly respected and conforms to the traditional world. The seniors who are trained to be the habit of the mediator, the judge wearing a wig, the ruling is easier to be convinced, and also represents the authority and importance of the judge. There is also a saying that in order to protect judges, lawyers, judges' judgments and lawyers' defenses may cause some people to be dissatisfied. Wearing wigs can allow judges and lawyers to disguise their identity, and also means that they and the indicted have no hatred, no matter how the judgment is. They all exercise the powers conferred by law.


In 2008, the United Kingdom passed the reforms. British civil judges only changed to simple black robes and no longer wear wigs, but criminal court judges still have to continue to wear robes and wigs. After the transfer of sovereignty to the People's Republic of China, in the Court of First Instance of the High Court and the District Court, judges and barristers still maintained the tradition of wearing wigs during British rule. In Australia, in July 2007, the New South Wales Court of Appeal voted to pass a wig in the state's trial.